1. “Boys, I’ve found a goldmine.” The famous words of James W. Marshall who discovered gold in the American River, which led to the California Gold Rush.
2. The first cattle drive from Texas up the Chisholm Trail arrived at the rail yards of Abilene, Kansas in 1867.
3. Wyatt Earp was indicted for horse theft in the Cherokee Nation and was taken into custody Van Buren, Arkansas on May 8th, 1871.
4. Doc Holliday was a dentist by trade and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Dental School in 1872.
5. In 1874, Joseph Glidden received a patent for his invention of barbed wire, an inexpensive, durable and effective fencing material which opened the plains to more efficient agriculture and ranching.
6. Annie Oakley was the first woman portrayed as a “cowgirl” in 1885.
7. From the end of the Civil war until 1890, some 10 million head of cattle were driven from Texas to Kansas.
8. Harry Longabaugh was known as the "Sundance Kid” because he served jail time for horse stealing in Sundance, Wyoming.
9. Texas was the most active gun firing state, with some 160 shoot-outs from the 1850’s through the 1890’s.
10. John Wayne’s birth name is Marion Robert Morrison.